- Anxiety and depression related to appearance
- Obsessing over a single perceived flaw in appearance
- Spending excessive time looking in mirrors
- Excessive grooming and exercise
It’s possible that physical abnormalities can cause body dysmorphia. There are also sociological hypotheses about the effects of a cultural overemphasis on physical appearance and beauty. Fear of and prevalence of obesity in a society have been shown to predict occurrence of body image disorders. There are also theories that mass media can play a role in exposing young people to a distorted perception of the world and can lead to a psychological obsession with perfection.
The physical and behavioral aspects of body image disorders can be treated by teaching healthy means of exercise and the importance of eating a balanced and proper diet. The psychological aspects can be treated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, in which a psychotherapist aims to find the underlying beliefs that cause the client distress and restructure these beliefs as the client adjusts their body image.